The basic course is suitable for the individual who has no or little previous experience in technical surveillance countermeasures. The 90-hour course is presented over ten (10) working days. The course has been designed to allow prospective technical surveillance countermeasures practitioners to develop the necessary basic knowledge and skill to provide countermeasures services for their companies. The course is endorsed by CASA and recorded at the South African Qualifications Authority. (SAQA)


The cost to attend this two week course is R 22 572.00 (Including VAT) per person, excluding accommodation.


The course is based on internationally accepted training methods and a certificate is issued to each student on the completion of the course.

The presenters of the course are former Government Counterintelligence and Technical Surveillance Countermeasures (offensive/defensive) specialists who also attended similar courses, workshops and seminars in the USA, Europe and liaison intelligence services.

Students receive books, manuals and articles on the subject for the course and for future usage. The pre-course study material is distributed 2-3 weeks before the course commences to the attendees.

The course comprises theory as well as enough practical exercises enabling the student to gain all the relevant knowledge to be able to conduct a sweep and survey with confidence on the completion of the course.

Offensive methods are taught and various offensive equipment (bugging devices) are used during the course allowing students the opportunity to familiarise themselves with the functions and characteristics of these devices. (We utilise these devices only for training purposes and do not engage in bugging, wire tapping or electronic spying)


Attendees are also introduced to- and are utilising a variety of technical equipment during the course, thus affording them an opportunity to broaden their knowledge of the capabilities of each instrument. We are using equipment from a number of manufacturers for the course and do not concentrate on the equipment of one specific manufacturer.

The following equipment is used during the training :

Radio Frequency (RF) Detection Equipment

  • OSCOR 5000 Omni Spectral Corrolator with the various antennas and the MDC-2100 (21 GHz) Down Converter
  • ECR-2 Spectrum Analyser based Receiver, Smartscan and CoSpectra Software with the MDC-4 (1-7 GHz) Down Converter, and low level equipment such as the Scanlock ECM Countermeasures Receiver
  • Ranger Countermeasures Receivers
  • And the CPM 700 Probe with Accessories

Physical Search Equipment

  • ORION Non-Linear Junction Evaluator
  • Hawk XD and 450 Non-Linear Junction Detectors, as well as older equipment such as the Audiotel Broom, Boomerang NJD-5 and the Super Scout C4 Non-Linear Junction Detectors
  • Special Amplifiers and probes
  • Specialised Toolkits

Telephone Analysis Equipment

  • ETA-3A Single Line Telephone Analyser
  • Model 200 Multi Line Telephone Analyser
  • General telephone testing equipment, amplifiers, oscilloscope, line tracing kits and multi-meters

Students are also taught how to conduct a pre-sweep survey and how to prepare a survey report on the completion of a sweeping instruction. The course material requires some reading and practical work after hours.

Apart from the tremendous cost saving to have the training done locally for South Africans, those from other countries will also find that they get value for their money due to our currency’s poor performance against most of the major currencies.

During the course attendees are also introduced to countermeasures, communications and privacy protection equipment such as voice, fax and data encryptors, cellular telephone jammers and acoustic noise generators.

We are at present the only company in the World providing a complete and comprehensive basic training course on Technical Surveillance Countermeasures to governments, corporations and private companies. Our training course should not be confused with the knob turning courses presented by equipment manufacturers on their own equipment. Many others also advertise courses and training which never or seldom take place.

The course will introduce the attendee to the concepts of Technical Surveillance Countermeasures, technical and real life status of current eavesdropping threats and ways to detect and counter them by covering all phases of countermeasures. The introductory phase also includes terminology and definitions.

Offensive Methods

  • Transducers, Conductors, Monitoring Techniques and Listening Posts
  • Hard-wire, RF and Mobile Techniques, Optical mediums, Recorders
  • Radio Transmission theory and transmitter types
  • Telephone operation and theory, Electronic and Digital systems
  • Telephone attacks and problems areas
  • Revision of offensive attacking methods and operating parameters of devices

Detection Techniques and Equipment (Main Body of Course)

  • Introduction to RF countermeasures, detection equipment, spectrum analysers, scanners and wide band detectors
  • RF devices and technology of eavesdropping and video transmitters
  • Physical search equipment, Non-Linear Junction Detectors, countermeasures amplifiers, search techniques and tips
  • Telephone tap detection techniques, telephone countermeasures, wire tracing and frame room inspection techniques
  • Practical training on detection equipment
  • Practical exercises with the equipment detecting “bugging” devices (On-site tasks)
  • Principles of conducting a sweep survey and the different levels of service
  • Composition and the formation of a countermeasures team
  • Pre-survey actions and the co-ordination of technical security and an information protection programme

Defensive Actions and Communications Security

  • Various defensive actions (Phases 1-3)
  • Non Electronic Vulnerabilities
  • Voice, Fax and Data encryptors
  • Telephone Protection equipment and functions
  • Acoustic Noise Generators & Cellular Telephone Jammers


Report writing, databases and records

An area is prepared with listening devices and each student is individually evaluated on their performance to detect the devices in a certain time period whilst utilising the different pieces of equipment



TSCM Services is presenting an advanced training course on Technical Surveillance Countermeasures. The course is presented over 10 working days. (90-hours)

A prerequisite for attending the advanced course is the completion of the “Basic Course in Technical Surveillance Countermeasures” presented by TSCM Services or attendance of a recognised course or relevant prior experience. Attendees have to provide their own equipment for the course, i.e. spectrum analyser/spectrum corrolator, NLJD and telephone line analyser/telephone test equipment. We will also provide equipment such as spectrum analysers, spectrum corrolator, TDR, Oscilloscope, etc.Cost:

The cost to attend this two week course is R 22 572.00 (Including VAT) per person, excluding accommodation.

The objectives of the course are to hone the skills acquired in the basic course and to expose the attendees to advanced theory, techniques and practices.

The course provides attendees with further in-depth instruction on the nature of the vulnerabilities of electronic telephone systems to manipulation and interception. Telephone cabling systems are studied to gain first hand knowledge of inspection and tracing techniques. More in-depth information is presented on exotic RF modulation techniques and ways to detect them.

Attendees will experience much more hands-on insights into effective countermeasures programmes and prevention.

Topics that will be covered during the course include :

Radio Frequency (RF) Technology

  • Review of RF countermeasures
  • Recognising, identifying and locating special types of RF sources: spread spectrum, sub-carrier, frequency hopping
  • Wireless communication systems operations and vulnerabilities
  • Wireless PBXs
  • PCS and other Systems
  • Locating Level 3+ operating transmitters

Advanced Telephone Countermeasures and Analysis

  • Electronic PBX vulnerabilities
  • Single and multi-line telephone instrument testing
  • Cable Tracing
  • Electronic instrument testing
  • Threat evaluations

Advanced Physical Search Practices and Procedures

  • NLJD’s
  • Use of audio amplifiers
  • Nondestructive wall examining techniques

Aspects of New Building Construction, Renovations

  • Monitoring new construction
  • Conference and Boardroom Security

Prevention of Non-electronic Information Gathering

Countermeasures for Traveling Executives

New Communication Vulnerabilities

  • Fiber optics & lasers

Overview of Voice and Data Encryption

Equipment Usage

  • Extensive daily hands-on use of own and other receiver systems, telephone testing equipment and search gear to perfect on-site sweep techniques and practices